In addition to the fact that true European Oak (from Western Europe) is more dense than Russian Oak, we also find that it has a more beautiful grain structure. In fact, Oak is the staple of the lumber industry, by far the most popular specie and most widely utilized in our culture. Differences between European Oak and White Oak include: Both European Oak and White Oak feature significant variations in color and grain caused by a variety of factors. The main forests, mostly located in central France, are Allier, Limousin, Nevers, Tronçais and Vosges, and each is … Also, Q. mongolica has been overharvested, often through illegal logging, and is now a protected tree species under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). A different mix of species means that Oak from Western Europe tends to have higher tannin content than Oak from Eastern Europe and the Russian Far East, despite the colder climate. We hope you get as much benefit from it as his clients do. Other European Oak species of lesser significance include: Q. afares, Q. macranthera, Q. longipes, Q. imeretina, Q. iberica, Q. pedunculiflora, Q. lamugnosa, Q. farnetto, and Q. mirbeckii. Due to its proximity to China, a major wood flooring manufacturing center, this Q. mongolica is actually what's being used in many of the products now being sold mistakenly as 'European Oak.' Specifically regarding Rift cut, Woodwright has been sourcing “Rift Only” White Oak for years because our clientele love and request it often. People generally assume that tighter grained wood is more dense. 1.With more color variation. Some American mills have recognized the popularity of the European Oak and are now supplying us with lumber and flooring that they cut in the same manner as the European method. So, wood from a slow-growing tree with tighter grain (a larger proportion of spring growth) will contain more tannin than a fast-growing tree with wider grain (a larger proportion of summer growth). Due to the slow growth rates in these cold northern forests, it will take a long time for the ecosystem to recover. It is estimated that more than 5 billion white oak trees in USA cover a total of more than 200,000 square miles! A slower rate of growth (tighter grain) is characterized by a greater proportion of spring wood and a smaller proportion of summer wood. That being said, in European Oak, genetic differences among species play a much larger role in determining tannin content than does the latitude of the forest or the growth rate of the trees. Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …. It’s all in the way it is cut from the log. All other things being equal, trees that grow farther north and therefore more slowly will have higher tannin content than comparable wood from further south. The most common is Plain Sawn, also referred to as Flat Cut, which showcases a traditional Cathedral grain pattern. 08 May. Most of the French oak for barrels comes from one of five forests, some of which were originally planted during Napoleonic times for shipbuilding. The first Rioja at the tasting was aged for 17 months in 100% new French oak with a Medium Plus toast. Oak from the Limousin region of France tends to have much higher tannin content than Oak from the nearby Departments of Nievre and Allier, despite the similar climate. All other things being equal, trees that grow farther north and therefore more slowly will have higher tannin content than comparable wood from further south. It has 3 traditional cuts. The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. Unfortunately, illegal and otherwise irresponsible harvesting is currently commonplace in Russia. Our A+D Consultant in Dallas, Rick Farrell, will be sharing his wood knowledge with our readers. One of the main reasons for oak being so tough is the age of the oak … English oak vs. European oak. Yet, they are not always familiar with the significant differences that make European Oak such a rich product in design and functionality. It seems the French managed their forests rather better than the English during the 18th and 19th centuries – in the 20th centrury the whole of the developed … In North America, genetics play less of a role in tannin content, as the tannin content among the various species of the White Oak group is similarly low. Yes, you read that correctly, all three cuts in one plank! This is the first installment of a new series of articles we will be sharing in regards to common, and even not so common, wood species utilized in wood flooring projects. Even within Western Europe, tannin variation in the Oak caused by different species mixtures can be extremely localized. The result is a wider plank, typically 7-10″, with a gorgeous plain sawn look near the center, flanked by a unique rift & quartered grain pattern, all in the same piece of wood. Through Rick’s experience in lumber sales then eventually wood flooring, he has become a leading authority on wood flooring specie. These include: differences within a tree, age of the tree, rate of growth, soil and climate of the region, and most importantly, the genetic differences between the various species within each group. So, in a slow growing Oak tree, due to the higher proportion of large, open, hollow vessels, the wood is less dense. Some of the Oak that is sold as 'European Oak' is actually from the Russian Far East and consists mainly of Q. mongolica, a species that doesn't grow in Europe at all and has very different characteristics from true European Oak. We have a full-time sample department that can fulfill requests with a reasonable production time. 2.Chaotic grains distribution (sometimes) 3.Large knots in star-like shape. Which oak is used? That being said, in European Oak, genetic differences among species play a much larger role in determining tannin content than does the latitude of the forest or the growth rate of the trees. Monarch Plank takes great care to source its wood with the utmost environmental responsibly. A slower growth rate will result in tighter grain. 4.European Oak … Many variables are in play with oak aging. French Oak Superiority over Eastern European Oak, American White Oak and Chinese Honey Oak: • Higher tannin content for reactive stains fuming and ageing. Next is Quarter Sawn which identifiable by the “flake” appearance in the grain. Most of the French oak for barrels comes from one of five forests, some of which were originally planted during Napoleonic times for shipbuilding. Across all species, the tightness of the grain is determined by the growing conditions of the tree. Some people refer to European Oak as ‘White Oak,’ but the truth is that European Oak is quite different from the wood that we call ‘White Oak’ here in North America. Oak from Russia, especially the Far East, usually features black veining running parallel to the grain, a characteristic of American White Oak whose absence in true European Oak is one of the things that makes it so attractive. EUROPEAN OAK VS. WHITE OAK The majority of Monarch Plank’s products (and 100% of our Oak products) are made with European Oak. Even within Western Europe, tannin variation in the Oak caused by different species mixtures can be extremely localized.
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