Get creative with flashcards! So make sure the verb agrees in number and gender with the subject. One of the reasons that cases are so important in the Russian language is the flexibility of the Russian sentence word order. The Accusative expresses the direct object in answer to: whom? Let's practise the Russian cases. You can test yourself online using multiple choice and fill-in-the-blank exercises. [Russian has six cases, and the case of a word is denoted by suffixes (word endings) that tell you the context of the word. Russian Cases Russian grammar--> Russian Cases In Russian, the word order in the sentence is flexible because the relationships between words are shown by word endings (see also Word Order).These endings are used to build different word forms which are divided into several groups called cases. It shows possession, attribution, or absence (who, what, whose, or what/who is absent). This has been the problem with learning Russian cases for me. Looking back, I’m glad that I came in blind because I might have been discouraged had I known how difficult the grammar was. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. The word телефон is in the accusative case and is the object of the sentence. It collects example sentences from all over the web and tv. что?. **In this format, the thing that you like/dislike is the subject, and you are the recipient of the action. The nominative case exists in English, too. (0381g) Урок 1. Got questions? The word сумки is in the genitive case and answers the question "from where": из сумки - from the bag/out of the bag. As you can see, in Russian, each word can be used in any position in this sentence. It is the cases that allow this word order flexibility by pointing out that Masha in all these sentences is the subject and kasha is the object. Each Russian case has its own purpose and answers a particular set of questions. Культурой is in the instrumental case and shows Ivan's interest. I'm very excited to share my language learning tips and experiences. – кто? All Russian nouns belong to one of the three declension groups. Title. The accusative case answers the questions кого/что (kaVOH/CHTO) – whom/what, and куда (kooDAH) – where. Find correct case endings in the Nominate, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental and Prepositional cases. etc. Test Russian Nouns (Cases, Gender, Plural) If you want to learn the declension rules for the Russian nouns this is the place to do it. A comprehensive database of more than 16 russia quizzes online, test your knowledge with russia quiz questions. Let me know in the comments if you have any questions! Anna answers the question С Кем/S Kem/With whom?​, Nouns in this case often come after the prepositions В (In), На (On), and O/об/ (About). 1. Russian cases question words. что?. This case shows which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Emphasis on the action of eating: Маша кашу ела (MAsha YElah KAshu) - Masha was eating kasha. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. what? What is a case? Level. It also answers the question откуда (atKOOda)—from where. Maia Nikitina is a writer and Russian language translator. Their endings have changed to "и": тетрадь (tytRAD') - "a notebook" - becomes тетради (tytRAdi) - (absence of) a notebookручка (ROOCHka) - "a pen" - becomes ручки (ROOCHki) - (absence of) a pen. Make sure to practice the plurals as well! You can write a word in nominative form on the front, and test yourself to see if you can come up with the other five forms. Cases change a word’s function in the sentence. When declining a word, you have to consider its gender, number, and state (animate vs. inanimate). Russian Grammar test: Cases By Yulia Amlinskaya. Learning the Russian Cases (And Why It Feels Like Such a Pain in the Ass) The very first time I told someone I wanted to learn Russian, they grimaced and said “you know it has six cases, right?” And I said yes, but that was a lie, and in fact I didn’t even know what cases were. Description. If this is not your case, we recommend you our Basic Russian Course. While the general meaning remains the same, the word order changes the sentence’s register and adds subtle meanings that in English would be conveyed by intonation.

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