World War II pilots often used the almost perfectly circular landmark as a navigational tool.. Ontario diamond prospector Frederick W. Chubb became interested by the strange terrain shown in the photographs and sought the opinion of geologist V. Ben Meen of the Royal Ontario Museum. First recognized as an impact structure in 1950, the crater is 3.4 km (2.1 miles) in diameter and has a rim standing as much as 160 metres (525 feet) above ground level. The crater’s age is estimated to be 1.4 million years. This fact, coupled with the grandeur of the landscape, has been…, Quebec, eastern province of Canada. 169-180. The crater is exposed to the surface, rising 160 m (520 ft) above the surrounding tundra, and is 400 m (1,300 ft) deep. Although it is quite close to the open Atlantic (separated only by Hudson Strait), Ungava Bay is part of the Arctic Ocean. The Pingualuit Crater (French: Cratère des Pingualuit; from Inuit "pimple"), formerly called the "Chubb Crater" and later the "New Quebec Crater" (French: Cratère du Nouveau-Québec), is a relatively young impact crater located on the Ungava Peninsula in the administrative region of Nord-du-Québec, in Quebec, Canada. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In 1999, the name was again changed, to "Pingualuit". Despite Canada’s great size, it is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries. 1 (pg.  The crater and the surrounding area are now part of Pingualuit National Park. It extends for more than 5,000 miles (8,000 km) to within 500 miles (800 km) of both the North Pole and the Equator and has an east-west extent of 5,000 miles. An analysis of these rocks also revealed planar deformation features as well as the composition of the meteorite itself. Meteoritics 1: 228-229. wells Creek area (three era ters) , Tenn. West Hawk Lake, Canada Wilbarger dome, Tex. When NASA’s Terra satellite passed over northern Quebec on November 25, 2012, winter snow and ice had transformed the pockmarked landscape of Ungava Peninsula into a seemingly endless expanse of white. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Ungava-Quebec-Crater.  They presented evidence of shock metamorphism, which is consistent with similar impact crater sites. “Pingualuit” is the Inuktitut term for skin blemishes caused by cold weather. Petrographic analysis of this sample was conducted at the Harvard – Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and reported to the 51st Meteoritical Society in 1988 by Ursula Marvin and David Kring.  Boulger returned to the area that summer, along with a research party led by M. A. Bouchard of the University of Montreal. 1951c. Ungava Bay is separated from Hudson Bay by the Ungava Peninsula. The crater is exposed to the surface, rising 160 m (520 ft) above the surrounding tundra, and is 400 m (1,300 ft) deep. The Wolfe Creek meteorite crater is the second largest crater in the … An account of the discovery and exploration of the two mile crater on the barrens near Hudson Bay. Black Friday Sale! Updates? Professor Reinhard Pienitz of Laval University led a 2007 expedition to the crater which extracted sediment cores from the bottom of the lake, which were filled with fossil pollen, algae, and insect larvae.  Meen led a second expedition to the crater in 1954. Evidence on the nature of the Ungava Crater unobscured by glaciations , Meteoritics, vol. Evidence on the nature of the Ungava Crater unobscured by glaciations. The crater is exposed to the surface. By the time I reached Kuujjuaq Airport, a heavy cloud layer was descending, but I managed to land in Marginal Visual Flight Rules conditions. Meen, V. Ben. Wilkes Land structure, Antarctica Winkler Crater, Kans. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The lake also holds some of the purest fresh water in the world, with a salinity level of less than 3 ppm (by comparison, the salinity level of the Great Lakes is 500 ppm). 1950. It is one of the most transparent lakes in the world, with a Secchi disk visible more than 35 m (115 ft) deep. Ungava Crater (Ungavacrater) est un cratère (s) (une soucoupe généralement circulaire ou une dépression en forme de bol causées par l'action volcanique explosive ou une météorite) et a la latitude de 61.2833 et la longitude de -73.6667. Ungava-Quebec Crater, also called New Quebec Crater, formerly Chubb Crater, geologically young crater of meteoritic origin located in the northwestern part of the Ungava Peninsula, northern Quebec province, Canada. It is 450 meters (1,476 ft) in diameter and the age is estimated to be less than 100,000 years. I checked the weather report … Enrichments of iron, nickel, cobalt, and chromium found in impact melt samples suggest that the meteorite was chondritic in nature. They travelled to the site in a PBY Catalina flying boat in July 1951, landing on nearby Museum Lake. Previously called – New Quebec Crater, Ungava Crater & Chubb Crater. Filled by a lake 250 metres (820 feet) deep, it is surrounded by many smaller circular lakes. The name Quebec, first bestowed on the city in…, North America, third largest of the world’s continents, lying for the most part between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer. The Canadian meteor crater. The lake also holds some of the purest fresh water in the world, with a salinity level of less than 3 ppm (by comparison, the salinity level of the Great Lakes is 500 ppm).